Advanced searches left 3/3

AIDS HIV - Europe PMC

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 May 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

The East Africa Consortium for human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in women living with HIV/AIDS.

The East Africa Consortium was established to investigate human papillomavirus infections and cervical cancer, as well as the effect of human immunodeficiency virus infections on HPV and cervical cancer, as well as academic collaborations between researchers in North America and East African countries. To date, studies have provided a better understanding of the role of HIV infection on the detection and persistence of oncogenic HPV, the effects of dietary aflatoxin on HPV recursion, and the gaps between HPV-infected and HIV-uninfected women undergoing cervical dysplasia treatment for cervical dysplasia. HPV testing will now be established in cervical cancer screening programs in Kenya and Uganda, how aflatoxin promotes immune function of HIV, and how HPV alters certain genes involved in tumor formation in HIV-infected women.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35521812


Health related quality of life and its association with social support among people living with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral therapy in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

History People living with HIV/AIDS are often confronted with a slew of social problems such as discrimination, abandonment, ridicule, and stigma. Several studies have been done so far to determine what is affecting the health-related quality of life among people with HIV/AIDS who are on antiretroviral therapy in Ethiopia. The aim of this analysis was to determine the pooled prevalence of HRQOL and its connection with social care among people living with HIV/AIDS on ART in Ethiopia. HRQOL among people living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia were on antiretroviral therapy was 45. 2 percent, suggesting a diluted prevalence of HRQOL. We found that increased perceived social involvement was positively correlated with improved subjectively assessed HRQOL. Among people living with HIV/AIDS, social care was strongly linked to HRQOL.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35527300


Machine learning-based in-hospital mortality prediction of HIV/AIDS patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection in Guangxi, China.

Objective Talaromycosis is a significant regional disease epidemic in Southeast Asia. Talaromyces marneffei infections are mostly concentrated in China's southern area, especially Guangxi, and cause significant in-hospital mortality in HIV-infected people. The reasons that influence in-hospital death of HIV/AIDS patients with T. marneffei disease in T. marneffei infection are not entirely clear. Methods We prospectively enrolled HIV/AIDS patients with talaromycosis in Nanning, Guangxi's Fourth People's Hospital from January 2012 to June 2019. According to a variety of learning outcomes, including areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve, machine learning model results were analyzed. T. marneffei infection patients were included in a total of 1927 HIV/AIDS patients. Deceased patients had higher CD4/CD8 ratios, aspartate aminotransferase levels, creatine urea composition, lactate dehydrogenase values, lactate dehydrogenase levels, white blood cell counts, median t-cell counts, circulating protein counts, and hemoglobin levels than those of surviving patients. In the training dataset, the predictive XGBoost model displayed 0. 71 sensitivity, 0. 99 specificity, and 0. 97 AUC, as well as 0. 97 AUC, and 0. 97 AUC, and 0. 97 AUC, and 0. 97 AUC in the training dataset, along with a robust discrimination tool that provided robust discrimination, resulting in increased discrimination, revealing an AUC of 0. 90 with 0. 69 sensitivity and 0. 96 specificity. Conclusion The XGBoost machine learning system is a good predictor of HIV/AIDS patients with T. marneffei infection hospitalization.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35507586


Users of cannabis-only are less likely to accept brief interventions than other substance use profiles in a sample of people living with HIV/AIDS.

Background and objectives Research has found that people living with HIV/AIDS have an elevated risk of opioid use, which has a variety of potential negative health effects. Increased availability and use of cannabis in this group is likely to raise the availability and use of cannabis. Cannabis-only use was notably related to losing the BNI, according to quantitative logistic regressions estimating for Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and Drug Abuse Screening Test score and demographics. Discussion and conclusions The intention of this disparity is that, with marijuana-only usage statistics, lower BNI acceptance rates than other substance use profiles; inappropriate screening methods could be the reason for this discrepancy. In a sample of PLWHA, this is the first research to assess the acceptance of brief interventions for cannabis as compared to other drugs and brief intervention acceptance.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35488889


Willingness to receive COVID-19 vaccination in people living with HIV/AIDS from Latin America.

Background Prior research has established some risk factors for an elevated risk of severe disease and mortality from coronavirus disease 2019. In the same way, not many studies around the world have assessed the degree of vaccination sensitivity among people living with HIV/AIDS and recommendations for prioritizing this group in vaccination campaigns, particularly in developing countries. Results 460 participants were able to be vaccinated with any COVID-19 vaccine. 22. 3 percent of the population of COVID-1922%; 2/3 being a propagator 52. 2%; 2 having a high occupational risk of becoming infected with COVID-19 22%; and 3 being at a high risk of death due to COVID-1922. 3. Only 56% of respondents expressed reservations about vaccination, but 122% said they did not want to get vaccinated.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35487200


Design and implementation of a global site assessment survey among HIV clinics participating in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) research consortium

Introduction Timely reports of HIV service characteristics and their evolution through time in a variety of settings are vital in monitoring the scaling-up of evidence-based program plans, investigating service delivery factors that influence HIV care outcomes. Methods The International Epidemology Databases to Evaluate the AIDS consortium's periodic cross-sectional studies on service accessibility and care at participating HIV treatment centers help identify trends and inform the scientific agenda for HIV care and implementation science communities. An iterative review process was carried out to standardize the style of new survey questions and align them with best practices in survey analysis and measurement, as well as lessons learned from previous IeDEA site assessment surveys.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR486580


Reasons of COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy among Chinese People Living with HIV/AIDS: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis.

Background and context: Many countries and organizations have requested that people living with HIV/AIDS be vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine. Multiple linear regression models were used to determine the background of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy's relative vaccination hesitancy, perceived risks, self-confidence, subjective guidelines, and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy were all used to analyze the correlations between perceived benefits, perceived risks, COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Structural equation modeling showed a direct correlation of perceived benefits, perceived risks, and subjective habits with self-efficacy and vaccination hesitancy, as well as an indirect association of perceived benefits, perceived risks, and subjective norms with vaccine hesitancy. Conclusions: COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy was high among PLWHA in China, according to their conclusion. To reduce COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, disseminate accurate data on the COVID-19 vaccine's safety and effectiveness, encourage family members to participate in COVID-19 vaccinations, and raise PLWHA's confidence in medical professionals.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35486810


Feasibility of Using Electronic Health Records for Cascade Monitoring and Cost Estimates in Implementation Science Studies in the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions.

The proportion of youth living with HIV/AIDS on antiretroviral therapy and those who are virally deceitable is low, raising serious challenges for achieving the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Objective This paper was designed to investigate the possibility of obtaining key clinical data and tracking disease, viral suppression, and retention of the youth HIV treatment cascade in Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions clinics in Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions clinics using electronic health record downloads and data collection of the study participants. Cacade monitoring study objectives can be carried out more effectively by sites with access to data processing facilities. When looking for site partners for clinical studies that intend to use EHR results, choosing EHR information should be included in the selection process. Study designers should investigate the possibility of additional funding for organizations in need of additional information technology or data processing staff.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35468087


Child maltreatment and associated sociodemographic factors among children affected by HIV/AIDS in Ghana: a multi-informant perspective.

ABSTRACT Child maltreatment is regarded as a significant public health issue among children because it can cause significant physical and psychological difficulties. Surprisingly, there are no studies on child maltreatment and any related sociodemographic risk factors that children are affected by HIV/AIDS in low-income countries. The results show that maltreatment among children affected by HIV/AIDS is not unusual, and that dysfunctional family conditions that they experience pose systemic risks for maltreatment.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35465790

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions