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Adhd Autism - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 27 October 2022

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Trait-Based Dimensions Discriminating Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and, Co-occurring ADHD/ASD

The analysis examined the co-occurrence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in newly diagnosed adults of normal intelligence and autism spectrum disorder as well as the role of trait-based measures derived from the Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale-IV, the Autism Spectrum Quotient, and the Empathy Quotient. ASD diagnosis was shared by 16. 1% of patients with ADHD, and 33. 3% of ASD patients received an ADHD diagnosis. In all ADHD traits, the ADHD or ADHD/ASD subjects had higher scores in both ADHD and ASD variables than ASD subjects. Except for attention to detail, the ASD group had AQ scores that were significantly higher than the ADHD group. ADHD cases from ADHD/ASD cases were discriminated against by attention to detail, imagination, and total EQ score, according to past hyperactivity and current impulsivity, although current hyperactivity and perceived impulsivity discriminated ASD subjects from ADHD/ASD subjects.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11010018


A systematic review of randomized controlled trials on efficacy and safety of transcranial direct current stimulation in major neurodevelopmental disorders: ADHD, autism, and dyslexia

Methods based on a pre-u201 registered protocol and using the PRISMA strategy, a literature search revealed 35 randomized controlled trials looking at the effects of tDCs on children and adolescents with ADHD, ASD, and dyslexia. In ADHD, prefrontal anodal tDCS stimulation has been shown to be more efficient than right inferior frontal gyrus stimulation. The majority of studies in ADHD showed an increase in at least one of the outcome variables, including dyslexia, in ASD and dyslexia, although 66. 7 percent of ADHD studies showed a similar result. After the intervention, approximately 88% of all tDCS studies using a multi-u2010session strategy in 3 disorders showed a significant rise in one or both outcome variables. In 6587 sessions conducted on 745 children and adolescents in 35 studies, tDCS was found safe with no reported adverse side effects.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.2724


Early manifestations of genetic liability for ADHD, autism and schizophrenia at ages 18 and 24 months

Abstract Background ADHD and autism are developmental disorders, for which non-u2010 specific precursors or early signs include difficulties with language and motor skills, as well as differences in temperament in the first and second years of life. Given that ADHD, autism, and schizophrenia are all heritable, we tested the assumption that, in the general population, assessments of toddler language development, motor growth, and temperament are linked to ADHD, autism, and schizophrenia. ADHD PGS were linked to specific temperament scales as well as improved gross motor scores. We did not find strong evidence linking autism PGS to any of the toddler programs; however, there were no strong signs of connection with motor or language delays for any of the PGS.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/jcv2.12093

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions