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ADHD Adult - Crossref

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Last Updated: 10 June 2022

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Temperamental risk factors in young adults with ADHD symptoms

"The present article explores whether the presence of individual temperament traits can predict an increase in the severity of ADHD symptoms in young adults. " The participants of the research included a health questionnaire and a structured diagnostic interview on ADHD in adults, as well as a questionnaire for the diagnosis of common, biologically determined characteristics of human personality. Results: The findings reveal a strong correlation of four personality traits that may be regarded as reliable risk factors for ADHD symptoms. The variability of temperament in Strelau's Regulatory Theory of Temperament is attributed to genetic causes in 44%. The obtained results may reveal which factors are important in therapeutic practice both in the group of young adults with ADHD symptoms and may also serve as a resource for parents or teachers concerned younger children with these symptoms.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2478/cpp-2020-0013


0691 Examining the Associations between Insomnia and Adult-ADHD Diagnosis in Army Soldiers

"Abstract Introduction" is the most common study on the relationship between insomnia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. It has been established that insomnia and ADHD are frequently prescribed, but no information is known about whether the association extends to individual ADHD symptoms or any potential moderators of the association. This research intends to determine whether sex plays a significant role in the moderation of insomnia and ADHD in adult military servicemembers, as well as investigating the relationship between insomnia diagnosis and ADHD symptoms. There was also a strong correlation between insomnia diagnosis and specific signs of ADHD: keeping an eye on repetitive work, recalling appointments, and getting things organized were all a part. These findings highlight the importance of assessing and treating insomnia in patients with ADHD because of their interrelationships.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsac079.687


ADHD in adults with recurrent depression

According to studies of young people, "Those with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder may be at risk of more persistent and impairing depression than those with depression alone. " Methods We examined the prevalence of ADHD and the relationship of ADHD in a population of adults with a history of recurrent depression in a UK-based prospective cohort of adults with a history of recurrent depression. Earlier age of depression, higher depression-related impairment, a greater recurrence of depressive episodes, and increased risk of suicide were all associated with earlier age of depression onset, earlier onset of depression, heightened risk of suicide, and elevated risk of suicide over the study period. The possibility of underlying ADHD masking depression in women with early onset, impairing, and recurrent depression, according to the findings, "the possibility of underlying depression masking depression should be considered. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.02.05.21251211


What Predicts a Good Adolescent to Adult Transition in ADHD? The Role of Self-Reported Resilience

ADHD is a disorder that causes impairment and comorbid psychiatric disorders in young adults, so the causes that may lead to a more beneficial outcome among adolescents with ADHD are also of concern. " The evaluation of 190 clinically referred adolescents with ADHD was based on self-reported protective factors. "Wellbeing in youth with ADHD was associated with improved psychosocial adjustment, increased social stability in young adulthood, and less depression and anxiety. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054715604362


Adult ADHD clinics in north Wales - case load prevalance & compliance with nice guidelines (quality evaluation project)

"Aims Measure compliance with National Institute for Health and Care Excellence's recommendations in four adult CMHT's Guide to further service improvement is included in four adult CMHT's Guide to further service innovation" We reviewed the case notes of 20 patients across 6 CMHT's in East Wales who are currently under the custody of 9 General Adult Consultants against NICE guidelines using an enhanced version of the ADHD audit support service. I was the audit and overall lead on this project, and I drafted the audit software and registered my project with Audit Registration Team. This is the first report on Adult ADHD Services in the East side of North Wales, according to the author. NICE has stated the need for complete mental and social evaluation, as well as physical examination prior to the drug therapy. Despite the fact that NICE has barred the use of antipsychotic drugs in the treatment of core ADHD symptoms, some patients were referred to ADHD evaluation. Result Prevalence of Adult ADHD clinician case load in Wrexham and Fintshire Counties. Adult ADHD Diagnosis According to the ICD 10 and DSM IV Guidelines, Diagnosis of Adult ADHD is the diagnosis of adult ADHD. Physical fitness for ADHD patients is being investigated during pre-treatment. Patients on stimulant medications are being monitored by the side effects. It is important that mental health professionals receive appropriate training in assessing, coping, and monitoring ADHD patients with comorbid substance use disorder and other mental disorders. BETSI Health Board will participate in the national Prescription Monitoring Observatory for Mental Health Quality Improvement Programme, focusing on ADHD in children, adolescents, and adults. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2021.899


The diagnosis and management of adult ADHD in HMP Elmley, a Category B remand prison

"Aims Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common disorder among young adult prisoners. " This investigation was conducted to determine how many residents are prescribed medication for ADHD in HMP Elmley and whether those seen by the prison psychiatrists have been treated in accordance with NICE standards. Method We undertook an interview of all residents in HMP Elmley who were prescribed ADHD drugs on November 4th, 2019, using their electronic patient records. Result We found that 33 of residents were on ADHD medication at the time of the investigation, accounting for around 3% of the prison population. Of the 100 percent newly diagnosed, the majority of those newly diagnosed had undergone a Diagnostic Interview for Adults in ADHD diagnosis. In 68% of patients prior to receiving medications, and a cardiovascular examination was done in 9%. Conclusion Conclusions and anxiety surrounding an initial appointment and a mean 20-day wait for a first appointment were both expected and unacceptable in comparison to the estimated prevalence in prison population. The wait time between the initial psychiatric visit and follow-up is another area where change is needed, and it will help frame a quality improvement initiative. "Setting up a specific ADHD clinic with an allocated nurse practitioner to help, creating a blueprint for ADHD assessments and follow-ups, establishing a local policy on ADHD, and creating specific ADHD education resources. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2021.274


Scores in Self-Report Questionnaires Assessing Adult ADHD Can Be Influenced by Negative Response Bias but Are Unrelated to Performance on Executive Function and Attention Tests

Adults with suspected attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder are often assessed with "Abstract Self-report questionnaires. " Despite the high degree of reliability that these questionnaires are believed to have, these questionnaires are expected to have, but their stand-alone use in adult ADHD assessment may result in false-positive diagnoses due to the danger of negative response bias. Testing of adult ADHD is vital from a neuropsychological perspective, however, the assessment of adult ADHD needs to evaluate both executive function skills and attention. The findings of a self-report questionnaire, the ADHS-LE, revealed no evidence connecting executive function and attentional results. In the clinical context of this research, 32. 6% of patients had at least one incorrect SVT/PVT result. "The proportion of participants producing invalid numbers in 5% dropped" after the use of a more conservative criterion: U2014failure on at least two of the three SVT/PVTs deemed to be feigning ADHD in a more conservative context.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12207-022-09448-y


Joint Consideration of Validity Indicators Embedded in Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS)

"Abstract": "A decade of study has both shown the need for precise clinical assessment of adult ADHD and a series of validity indicators supporting this diagnostic process, as well as providing a series of validity indicators that support this process. A number of controls and adults with ADHD completed the CAARS, including the ADHD Credibility Index, openly, though a group of trained simulators executed the simulation as though they had ADHD. Items pulled from the ACI have been incorporated into a new CII-ACI Composite Index, combining First, original CAARS items that are part of the CAARS Infrequency Index, and items from the ACI. The combination of four CII and five ACI items into the CII-ACI-Compound Index gave a sensitivity range between 41 and 51% and an estimated specificity of over 87%. Suspect T-score elevations on all three DSM scales rose as another potentially useful validity indicator with a sensitivity of 45 to 46 percent and a specificity > 90 percent. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12207-022-09445-1


The Effect of SMS Reminders on Adherence in a Self-Guided Internet-Delivered Intervention for Adults With ADHD

"Objective To see if weekly SMS reminders improve adherence to a self-guided Internet-delivered therapy for adults with ADHD. " Methods of Study The participants who had not completed their weekly module within two days were randomly assigned to either receive or not receive an SMS reminder. The study included a total of 109 adults with a self-reported ADHD diagnosis. Conclusion The results indicated that SMS reminders did not improve number of logins, module completion rates, or implementation of coping methods, but that they could cause quicker login times and more time spent on the modules. "New ways to foster meaningful participation should be developed and tested in order to harness the potential of self-guided Internet-delivered intervention in making non-pharmacological access for adults with ADHD. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fdgth.2022.821031


Sexuality in Adults With ADHD: Results of an Online Survey

"Establishing a stable sexual identity is a significant developmental step in an individual's transition from childhood to adolescence and the years that follow. " We compared 206 people with and without ADHD using an anonymous online poll, as well as sexual habits, including dangerous sexual habits, hypersexual activities, and sexual dysfunctions. Individuals with ADHD had significantly higher sexual habits than non-ADHD individuals, despite no differences were found regarding risky sexual habits or sexual dysfunctions. The associations between ADHD symptomatology and the sexuality-related activities were less apparent in men with ADHD, but signs of emotional dysregulation seemed to be valid as well. Since people with ADHD appear to be at an elevated risk of certain sexual behaviors, sexuality-related disorders, and quality of life, more holistic treatment should be introduced during clinical consultations to achieve greater individual stability and quality of life. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.868278

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

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* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions