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ADHD - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 03 June 2022

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Childhood ADHD and Executive Functioning: Unique Predictions of Early Adolescent Depression

Participants were reportedly completed with Wave 2 and 3 sequels about two and four years respectively, at baseline, and without ADHD. At Wave 2, parents and teachers completed standardised evaluations of academic achievement; youth completed standardized assessments of academic achievement; and educators completed normed rating scales of youth academic and social development. Youth self-reported depression at Wave 3 at Wave 3. "Neither academic nor social care mediated depression predictions of anxiety from baseline ADHD and EF. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00845-6


ADHD in childhood predicts BMI and body composition measurements over time in a population-based birth cohort

"So far, no studies have looked at the potential correlation between ADHD and obesity, as well as other aspects of body composition such as fat-free mass and fat mass as indicators of obesity. " To investigate the causal relationship between ADHD symptoms and BMI, we conducted a cross-lagged panel model analysis of ADHD symptoms and BMI. An increase in the BMI and FM at 22 years was also linked to a decrease in the FFM and an increase in the BMI and FM at age 11. In addition, an increase in BMI was observed with an increase in many signs of ADHD in general and hyperactivity. Conclusions: A raised BMI at 15 years and body fat composition in adulthood were expected, according to a higher BMI at 15 years and adulthood body fat composition, suggesting that ADHD symptoms in early life may be a critical point for body composition in early adulthood.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-022-01098-z


Association of sweetened carbonated beverage consumption during pregnancy and ADHD symptoms in the offspring: a study from the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)

"Here we investigated maternal intake of sweetened carbonated beverages during pregnancy and its association with ADHD problems in the offspring. " Using a food frequency questionnaire, a maternal diet mid-pregnancy was determined. Outcome was offspring ADHD symptoms, determined as a continuous standardized ADHD score and as a binary result of six or more ADHD symptoms vs. five symptoms or less. Results The adjusted regression coefficients for the standardized ADHD offspring symptom score were 0. 31 [95% confidence intervals] and 0. 46 for maternal daily intake of u22651 glasses of SCB, respectively, when the models included adjustments for total energy intake or energy intake from other sources than SCBs and sweet drinks. We found an association between maternal daily intake of SCB and offspring ADHD symptoms in a large pregnancy cohort followed until 8 years old.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-022-02798-y


Are attention and cognitive control altered by fMRI scanner environment? Evidence from Go/No-go tasks in ADHD

"It is commonly believed that cognitive processes investigated in fMRI are comparable to cognitive processes employed in the same experimental paradigms in conventional behavioral lab settings. " In the current research, we specifically tested the effects of fMRI environment on sustained attention and response inhibition using a Go/No-goal task among participants with and without attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. ADHD sufferers are characterized by deficits in these cognitive skills and may be particularly vulnerable to environmental influences on attention. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11682-021-00557-x


Using Fidget Spinners to Improve On-Task Classroom Behavior for Students With ADHD

"Using fidget toys is one way to encourage students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder to move when doing academic work in the classroom. " This research looked at the effects of fidget spinners on the on-task behavior of three second-grade students with ADHD. The rules of use were briefly discussed and demonstrated to students by the researchers before starting treatment; students were then provided with fidget spinners during treatment sessions in language arts classes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-021-00588-2


Burden of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Indian Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

"Objective": "Objective" is a measure of how attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Indian children is gathered. In India, ADHD prevalence among children aged u2264-18 years old was found by a screening that included eligible original studies, community or school-based, cross-sectional, or cohort, revealing the prevalence of ADHD in children aged 18 yrs. According to fifteen studies published in a school-based environment, there was 75. 1 percent of ADHD in 1000 children under the age of 4's 2201. According to the 1,000 children surveyed, the overall pooled prevalence of ADHD was 63. 2 percent. Conclusions ADHD is responsible for a significant health burden, and knowing its prevalence is vital for efficient health policy-making for educational intervention and rehabilitation. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-021-03999-9


The Impact of the Comorbidity of ASD and ADHD on Social Impairment

Both children with autism spectrum disorder and children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder have behavioral and social difficulties. " There is only limited evidence on the effects of ASD+ ADHD comorbidity on social functioning. There were no significant differences in social impairment between the ASD and ASD+ ADHD groups, no significant differences were found in the ASD and ASD+ ADHD groups. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05150-1


Exploring Elementary Schoolteachers’ Perceptions of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Northern Jordan

"The lack of pre-service training and education about children's behavioral disorders were found to be deficient in our sample of elementary schoolteachers, but especially in relation to ADHD awareness and management of children with ADHD. " The apparent lack of studies on teacher management of ADHD in children in Jordan may have contributed to these findings. Teachers with ADHD education and training should be structured to improve teachers' understanding of ADHD and their ability to support the homeless children and their families. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01131-8


Executive Functioning and Emotion Regulation in Children with and without ADHD

"Difficulties with emotion regulation influence the majority of youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder disorder, which causes greater functional impairment than ADHD alone. " The new report was the first to evaluate all three main executive functions simultaneously in a longitudinally distributed sample of children with and without ADHD, common comorbidities, and the extent to which emotions can accurately predict emotion dysregulation. According to the results of the bias-corrected, bootstrapped conditional effects path model, better-developed working memory predicted improved emotion control and fewer ADHD symptoms, that emotion dysregulation preceded emotion dysregulation, and that working memory had indirect effects on emotion control by both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. These findings highlight the importance of working memory and its connections with ADHD disorders for understanding children's emotion regulation skills, as well as the limited effectiveness of first-line ADHD services that do not focus on working memory for improving emotion control skills.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00883-0


Joint Consideration of Validity Indicators Embedded in Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS)

"A decade of research has both highlighted the need for thorough clinical assessment of adult ADHD and introduced a series of validity measures that support this diagnostic process. " A collection of controls and adults with ADHD answered the CAARS, including the ADHD Credibility Index openly, while a group of trained simulators completed the experiment as though they had ADHD. Original CAARS items from the CAARS Infrequency Index are listed as part of the CAARS Infrequency Index, and items taken from the ACI were converted into a new CII-ACI Compound Index. The CII-ACI-Compound Index's combination of four CII and five ACI elements yielded a range of 41 to 51% and an estimated specificity of over 87%. "Suspect T-scale elevations on all three DSM scales have emerged as another potentially useful validity indicator with a sensitivity of 45 to 46% and a specificity > 90%. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12207-022-09445-1

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions