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ADHD - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 03 June 2022

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Functional analysis of ADHD in children using nonlinear features of EEG signals

"Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder linked to a variety of degrees of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. " This research investigated brain function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using measures of nonlinear dynamics in electroencephalogram signals during rest. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder sufferers and age-matched control groups showed a significant difference between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder sufferers and the age-matched control groups, as shown by the Wilcoxon rank sum test. In prefrontal cortex, mean entropy was much lower in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder subjects. Compared to control children, the singularity spectrum was also significantly altered in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD) patients. Subject classification based on frequency band power was determined using the same classifiers for greater comparison. "Bodypath hyperactivity disorder and control were better identified between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and control than band power functionality. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.31083/JIN-170033


Teaching Statistics to Struggling Students: Lessons Learned from Students with LD, ADHD, and Autism

"Over the past decade, there have been significant changes in statistics education, which have increased student outcomes. " However, there is little evidence on the best methods for teaching statistics to students with disabilities. This paper explores a more pedagogical approach to teaching a college-level general education statistics course aimed at meeting the needs of students with disabilities and other struggling students. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/26939169.2022.2082601


Application of metacognitive strategies in the development of emotional and motivational self-regulation of students with special educational needs. Research on children with ADHD

"The aim of the present research was to determine if the visual methods used as metacognitive techniques would help to promote emotional and motivational self-regulation in children with ADHD. " After 25 training sessions with the use of both Mind Maps and Sketch-noting, children with ADHD have significantly fewer errors than during the first test, according to the study's findings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.2478/cpp-2021-0020


Kdm6b Haploinsufficiency Causes ASD/ADHD-Like Behavioral Deficits in Mice

As its common comorbidities, "Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder with intellectual impairment and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. " Here we use an animal model to show that genetic deletion of one Kdm6b allele in mice leads to autistic-like reduced sociability and object recognition memory, as shown by an animal model. Thus, our research not only supports a potential correlation between disruptive KDM6B mutations and ASD/ADHD-like behavioral deficits, but also provides a new mouse model for investigating the genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the Kdm6b-mutation-related neurodevelopmental disorders, but also provides a new mouse model for investigating the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the Kdm6b-mutation-related neurodevelopmental disorders.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2022.905783


The (Un)real Existence of ADHD—Criteria, Functions, and Forms of the Diagnostic Entity

"The latest conceptualization of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder as a multifactorial neurodevelopmental disorder cannot be explained as such without a complex network of political, economic, and cultural processes that determine the conceptualization's validity and useful. " The DSM-5's second part of the article discusses what is done with the ADHD diagnostic device, as well as the belief that it represents a biological neurodevelopmental state within an individual. Drawing on our previous findings, we explore how ADHD becomes real in discourse as a good semiotic mediator through examination of the various roles and styles in which it takes place in organizational, socioeconomic, and personal settings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsoc.2022.814763


Finding the “Sweet Spot”: Sharing the decision-making in ADHD treatment selection

"In practice, choosing a stimulant medication for ADHD is highly customizable, with first determining the correct dose and then lowering the dosage to the correct dosage. " Case study The short case series demonstrates how clinicians can use shared decision-making to help the parent or caregiver of a newly diagnosed patient with ADHD make informed decisions about medication selection and gain a greater sense of familiarity with the new medication regimen. Once parents are comfortable with the decision to begin drug therapy for ADHD, it is incumbent on the healthcare provider to ensure that an open channel of communication is maintained, and that parent/caregivers are encouraged to raise questions as soon as possible. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12991-022-00394-2


Trialling a microbiome-targeted dietary intervention in children with ADHD—the rationale and a non-randomised feasibility study

"Abstract Background Dietary interventions have previously been investigated in children with ADHD," the author states. We suspect that these interventions may have aided in part in the gut microbiota change. Methods A non-randomised feasibility evaluation was conducted on nine non-medicated children with ADHD aged 8–13 years, with a prospective one-group pre-test/post-test design. Participants were recruited from ADHD support groups in London and participated in a six-week microbiome-targeted dietary intervention, which was specifically designed to alter gut bacteria's composition. A sample microbiome analysis was done on children during and post-intervention on measures of ADHD symptoms, cognition, sleep, gut function, and stool stool. The application of secondary objectives revealed that adherence to each component of the dietary regimen was extremely positive; two mild adverse events were reported; parents rated the treatment as having high acceptability; data analysis and outcome measurements are also recommended in an RCT with a few exceptions; and further investigation into gut microbiota, ADHD symptoms, and sleep may be helpful in future research. Conclusions This review provides preliminary results for the use of a microbiome-targeted dietary therapy in children with ADHD. To recruit the number of participants necessary to make meaningful statistical interpretations of efficacy, participants must participate in future randomised controlled trials because of the challenges encountered recruiting participants. Future randomised controlled trials may require less parental time and involvement in order to introduce a more effective diet strategy that requires less parental time and involvement.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-022-01058-4


Digital health interventions for youth with ADHD: A mapping review

"Context: We conducted a mapping review of the latest evidence for DHI for children and adolescents with ADHD, in light of the growing interest in digital health services and the increasing number of commercial products aimed at youth with ADHD. " Aim: To determine whether or not ADHD therapy should be aided or extended ADHD treatment. The 51 DHI studies outlined interventions that were delivered by realistic games or e-learning, the internet, mHealth, telehealth, and virtual reality, according to the 51 DHI studies. The DHI focused on a variety of areas that relate to ADHD treatment: cognition, social-emotional skills, behavior analysis, academic/organizational competencies, medication adherence, vocational skills, motor skills, and clinical care. Limitations: Keyword research, terminology use, and digital libraries in the DHI space were not consistent within or across disciplines, nor across nations, which limited study identification. "Research points: The use of multiple DHI and the development of emerging DHI is backed by study, but it is not yet available in community settings for use in community settings. ".

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chbr.2022.100174


Second Wave of the Study of Taiwanese Caregivers of Children with ADHD in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Intentions to Vaccinate Their Children for COVID-19, and Related Factors

"In the COVID-19 Pandemic, the second wave of the Study of Taiwane Caregivers of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in the COVID-19 Pandemic was conducted at the time of a severe COVID-19 epidemic. " Between the first and second waves of research, the aim of this research was to compare the commitment of caregivers of children with ADHD to vaccinate their children, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic factors related to caregivers' U2019 goals. The COVID-19 vaccines: Uptake should be supported by raising caregivers' objectives by bolstering caregivers' participation in the COVID-19 vaccinesu2019 values, positive effects, and freedom to vaccinate their children, according to the COVID-19 vaccines U2019 values.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10050753

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions