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Impaired glucose control is now evident in young adults, where 20% of those 12-18 years old have prediabetes. The current incidence of Type 2 diabetes is over 8%, but it is estimated that up to a third of Americans will experience diabetes in their lifetime. In addition, the total annual cost of diabetes is estimated at $327, which accounts for 25% of all U. S. health care expenditures. Accumulating evidence shows that almond consumption reduces postprandial glycemia and may cause a second meal effect, particularly if they are consumed at breakfast or as a afternoon snack, which may help with long-term glycemic control. In addition, almond intake can reduce total and LDL cholesterol, resulting in reduced peripheral insulin resistance and cardiovascular problems associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The investigators also hypothesize a protective effect of regular almond intake on long-term glycemic control in people with elevated baseline HbA1c.
Source link: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05176197
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