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6g - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Blockchain-based differentiated authentication mechanism for 6G heterogeneous networks

The internet of everything is worldwide, as shown by the Sixth Generation communication platform, which links many access networks. However, it is also impossible to find a universal authentication solution that can be used in various access networks due to the differing underlying network protocols. Besides, the first attempt to use various blockchain authentication schemes to represent various authentication methods is the first attempt to increase the scalability of user authentication. In the meantime, a differentiated identity verification scheme is suggested to uniformly handle various authentication contracts in order to ensure differentiated identity verification.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12083-022-01437-x


A Novel General Purpose Switched Capacitor/Varactor Design Concept in RF-MEMS Technology for Emerging 5G/6G and Super-IoT Applications

We explore in this paper a novel design of a switch capacitor/varactor entirely made in RF-MEMS technology, which is ideally designed to prevent a decrease in the activation voltage as well as an increase in ON-state capacitance. After having validated the Finite Element Method tools against experimental datasets, multi-physical simulations were introduced and discussed in particular.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2308-1_38


Edge Caching in IoT Smart Environments: Benefits, Challenges, and Research Perspectives Toward 6G

We review the literature on edge caching for IoT smart environments in this chapter and identify the most promising decision strategies jointly with the key benefits and open challenges. Conventional caching techniques are first tested before delving into more nefarious in-network caching services based on the named data networking model. The next generation enabler will be focused on the potential interplay of NDN-based edge caching regulations with software-defined networking, as well as the opportunities to utilize edge cache caching enabled by AI techniques as a key sixth-generation enabler.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-15160-6_3


Wide Band THz Antenna Design Using Salp Swarm Algorithm for 6G Communications Systems

The future 6G wireless communications will need the specification of new spectral bands as well as the use of novel advanced physical layer technologies. However, the total number of MHz radio networks in mmWave bands is still less than ten GHz, so such data rates are unlikely to be supported. Future 6G communications networks in this context necessitate the use of the terahertz communication band in this context. For many years, there has been a shortage of THz transceivers and antennas, so that the THz band has been one of the most electromagnetic frequency ranges in terms of wireless communications. However, the need for 6G communication technologies has redefined the requirements for THz antennas. In this book chapter, we provide a complete framework for circular polarized antenna design in the low THz bandwagon. This optimization framework is based on a swarm intelligence algorithm, namely, the salp swarm algorithm.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-13786-0_10


Dependency of Indoor Delay Spread and Path Loss on 5G and 6G Frequencies and Its Simple Formulation

As high frequencies make successful radio coverage a lot more accessible, accurate planning and actions must be based on accurate estimates of radio propagation characteristics. The paper discusses the importance of collaborating with architects and radio frequency engineers in addressing the significant problem of in-building wireless coverage at high frequencies. This paper provides concrete links to help determine the dependance of two critical radio propagation properties, delay propagation, and path loss on 5G and 6G frequencies, since architects do not have insight into complicated RF parameters.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-18458-1_7


The Next-Generation 6G: Trends, Applications, Technologies, Challenges, and Use Cases

Although the 5G version of mobile communications technologies has delimited its attention on Internet of Things connectivity and industrial automation solutions, the 5G version of the 5G smartphone communications system has defocused its attention on factory automation and industrial automation systems. Through the fusion of the digital, physical, and human race, the 6G generation will bring an extrasensory experience. The sixth generation of cell phone communications is also under scrutiny. The main aim of this paper is to provide a complete picture of 6G based on the latest findings and projects that have been launched. We discuss the potential architectural features of 6G that would give users the ability they desire. We have compiled a short list of technologies that will play a key role in the rollout of 6G, including artificial intelligence, VLC communications, 3D beam building, massive MIMO aircraft, and drones. We then discuss the challenges that could be faced by the 6G in various regions. .

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2394-4_68


6G Networks: An Innovative Approach, but with Many Challenges and Paradigms, in the Development of Platforms and Services in the Near Future

We make countless questions every day about the benefits and drawbacks of technological advancements, such as: How can we minimize the negative effects of technological advancements? If we are going to control the technology, or, on the contrary, the technology that will plague us daily in the near future will not only benefit the end-user, but also a company or an organization that is behind this initiative, and is behind this initiative. Hence, this article explores the paradigms involved in the design of 6G telecommunications networks, which are both in the process of scientific inquiry and specification of technological parameters. Aspects arising from the underlying architecture of 6G networks are examined, both in the context of technological and ethical concerns, mainly due to the use of IoB devices, which are physical devices integrated into the human body.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-04435-9_17


Applications: Resource Allocation for Human-Centric 6G Cellular Network

We first explore Sect's situation, where the base stations of the 6G cellular network are cooperative. In Sect, Cooperative Multi-Point's cooperation and the new multi-access technique non-orthogonal multiple access for multi-operator downlink transmissions is the first case study. Sect. The downlink channel model corresponds to Sect. We examine scenarios and case reports in which the base stations in the 6G cellular network are not fully cooperating. The transmitter is considered a multi-carrier multiple-antenna downlink transmission with NOMA and inaccurate channel state information at the transmitter.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2016-5_6


Introduction of 6G Heterogeneous Networks

According to the International Telecommunication Union's survey, the fifth-generation of wireless network is being built to support enhanced mobile broadband, massive machine-type communications, and ultra-reliable and low-latency communications. Future generation wireless networks have been launched, delivering greater capabilities in terms of ultra-broadband, supper massive connectivity, ultra-reliability, and low latency, as indicated in Table 1. U226651 Gbit/m2 10 Mbit/s/m2 User experience Table 10 Mbit/s/m2 1. 1 Mbit/s/m2 1. 0 ms/s/m2 Data rate 810 000 km/h 2006-10 100 km/h U00d7 5G 600 km/h = 10 000 km/h Page 10 ms/s 2100 1100 ms/s/m2 The connection capacity of 10 000 km/s 1 Mbit/s/s1 10 000 0001 10 1 m/m/s/m/m/m/m/m/s/m/m/s/s 10 Mbit/m/m/m/s 1 /ms 10 100 000 m/s/m/s/m/s/s 6 Mbit/s/m/s 10 000 f/s/s/ms 1 u00d7 10 00d7 1 t.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7648-3_1


Secure 6G Communication in Smart City Using Blockchain

The new Fifth Generation wireless network would fail to be a success in the current Fifth Generation networks. u2019 is a cellular network that will be able to solve the existing Fifth Generation networks' shortcomings. The introduction of blockchain in 6G will enable the network to efficiently monitor and control resource use and sharing. Utilizing a variety of application scenarios in the smart city, we investigate the possibility of blockchain for sharing in 6G. We explore potential challenges and solutions with various 6G networks in order to enhance security and anonymity in 6G networks. We can help you resolve security and privacy in 6G networks. In addition, we investigate the potential security and privacy issues that may arise as a result of the latest 6G and potential 6G usages.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-4193-1_48

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions