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Due to the effect of ElectroMagnetic Field generated by Radio Base Station on users, the deployment of 5G networks is often questionable. This paper aims to investigate the problem from a novel angle by comparing RBS EMF to exposure generated by 5G smartphones in commercial deployments. Several measurement techniques, such as dual connectivity between 4G and 5G, spectrum fragmentation, and carrier aggregation, have hindered the measurement of exposure from 5G. In addition, 5G exposure always accounts for a small percentage relative to 4G EMF.
The paper presents a preliminary report on human exposure to radiofrequency field levels in the vicinity of the latest 5G mobile phone base stations in various large cities in Romania's comparison with other frequency bands that were still used for cell phone base stations.
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