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5G has been widely distributed and commercialized in 2021, making it one of the most competitive technologies in communication technology. Countries with scientific research capabilities are vying for high-tech in the 5G field, including some countries with scientific research capabilities. The right to speak of advanced technology in the world will increase as a result of future network information technology as well as the country's concern, and it will lead the way in the field of emerging network information technologies. The most significant feature of competition in the 5G world is information technology. People are attracted by the ability to ensure information security and improve network stability of 5G networks. How to ensure data integrity and increase the network's stability have piqued people's interest.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.2991/978-94-6463-002-2_11
Some of these applications can be enabled by today's mobile broadband networks and their future development. However, some other industries, such as 5G new radio technology, will require new and very specific specifications on mobile and wireless communication services, which will not be applicable to the fifth generation's ability to accommodate various stakeholder demands. This paper contributes to the creation of a planar superstrate antenna for 5G NR frequency bands for USA, China, and South Korea, as well as sub-millimeter wave application. More than 2 dB and 85 percent respectively, with the achievable gain and radiation efficiency for the upgraded antenna.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1645-8_13
Because of the sundry appealing highlights of millimeter wave radio's to generate multi-gigabit transmission rate, millimeter wave radio has drawn in a slew of dollars from the academic field, industry, and ecumenical normalization bodies. Prosoed antenna is constructed Rogers RO4003C substrate with dielectric constant = 3. 5 percent, with loss tangent = 0. 0021.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1645-8_30
Due to its lightweight, compact, and uniform form, small volume, and minimal resistance to manufacturing tolerances, a microstrip patch antenna is compatible with 5G wireless applications. To avoid the use of multiple antennas, many antennas have been frequently required multiband antennas in the last few years. The intended antenna for 5G applications works well in the frequency bandwagon of 0–u201310GHz. As the size changes, a variety of microstrip patch antenna, including circle, pentagon, hexagon, and octagon, are investigated, and it has been discovered that there is multi-resonance with decreasing lower resonance frequency as the shape changes, as shown by the results.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1142-2_7
Handover in 5G wireless networks introduces new and challenging challenges, because a user not only changes between base stations or access technologies, but also between slices. The constraints on Network Slicing should be considered when making a handover decision to please user expectations. We propose a Fuzzy-based Handover device that takes four parameters: Slice Delay, Slice Bandwidth, Slice Stability, and Slice Reliability as a new parameter in this paper.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-20029-8_3
The antenna system consists of a square slot patch antenna with microstrip line, a meander line structure inside a square slot patch antenna, and a partial ground plane. In this paper, the method of miniaturization of a microstrip patch antenna by using ML and PGS is described. Proposed antennas exhibit 62% miniaturization when compared to a square patch antenna. ITU-R and WRC-19's antennas have a dual band operation, with resonances from 3. 34 GHz to 4. 65 MHz covering all three bands n77/n78/n79 of new radios allocated for 5G radio communication in sub-6 GHz range.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1645-8_24
In every field, the benefits of a 5G network are tremendous, and so are quickly expanding to be a more efficient version of what exists in today's world. Due to the latest technologies used and the specific application scenario's strict security needs, 5G applications face security risks. In this paper, the development and results of a 5G-enabled secure authentication protocol using symmetric and asymmetric key are compared to determine the correct method for privacy preservation in a 5G-enabled IoT network.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-9967-2_2
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