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Last Updated: 10 August 2022

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A machine learning model on Real World Data for predicting progression to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) among COVID-19 patients

Introduction: Identifying COVID-19 patients that are most likely to develop to a severe infection is crucial in optimizing care delivery and increasing the likelihood of survival. This research introduces a machine learning framework that predicts severe cases of COVID-19, defined as the presence of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, and highlights the various risk factors that play a significant role in disease progression. Methods: A cohort of 289,351 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in April 2020 was developed using U. S. administrative claims data from Oct 2015 to Jul 2020. A Gradient Boosting Decision Tree had the highest results, with an AUC of 0. 695 and an AUPRC of 0. 0730, demonstrating a 40% improvement in performance against a baseline classifier. Conclusion: This report presents a machine learning system that forecasts ARDS based on patient claims history.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271227


Phenotypic characteristics of peripheral immune cells of Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome via transmission electron microscopy: A pilot study

Chronic multisystemic disease with chronic exhaustion that is not alleviated by rest and worsens after exertion, whether physical or mental. Four participants were tested: a pair of identical twins discordant for moderate ME/CFS, as well as two age- and gender matched unrelated subjects, the oldest healthy, as well as two younger ones with an acute form of ME/CFS and the other healthy. In T cells from ME/CFS patients, TEM analysis of CD3/CD28-stimulated T cells revealed a significant rise in the levels of apoptotic and necrotic cell death. In the boosted PBMCs from the extremely persistent ME/CFS patient with a lipid storage disorder, we also discovered a significant rise in intracellular giant lipid droplet-like organelles, possibly indicative of a lipid storage disorder. Finally, we observed a modest rise in platelet aggregation in treated cells, possibly hinting at a possible role for platelet function in ME/CFS pathophysiology and disease severity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272703


Identification of the shared gene signatures and pathways between polycystic ovary syndrome and endometrial cancer: An omics data based combined approach

The polycystic ovary syndrome is a common endocrine disorder with high incidence. By bioinformatics analysis, our goal is to identify shared gene signatures and biological connection between PCOS and EC. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis based on GEO's GEO database consisted of data integration, network design, and functional enrichment analysis, which was used. Results: Approximately ten hub common genes, MRPL16, MRPL22, RPL26L1, ESR1, JUN, UBE2I, RPL37A, GTF2H3, were identified as shared gene signatures for EC and PCOS. These hub genes' elongation and u201d were closely linked, according to the GO and KEGG pathway analysis of these hub genes. A good binding relationship between fenofibrate and available targets was established by a Molecular docking study. Conclusion: Through bioinformatics analysis, gene signatures and regulatory biological pathways were identified. In addition, the molecular mechanisms of these signatures were investigated, and potential pharmaceutical molecules associated with PCOS and EC were tested out.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271380


Comparing variability in diagnosis of upper respiratory tract infections in patients using syndromic, next generation sequencing, and PCR-based methods

Here, we investigate the variability in diagnostic diagnosis of respiratory infections during the annual epidemic cycle in northern New Mexico, comparing syndromic diagnostics with polymerase chain reaction and sequencing-based methods with the intention of identifying respiratory pathogens' ability. As confirmed by sequencing, out of 97 people with respiratory disease had at least one RNA virus, only 23 were positive for at least one RNA virus. In people with respiratory disease symptoms, we also detected coronavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, and human metapneumovirus. RNA sequencing in 21 individuals who tested positive using PCR revealed significant results in just 12 of these individuals. By syndromic diagnostics, only a few patients were confirmed to have upper respiratory tract infection or viral syndrome, and the type of virus could only be identified in one patient.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000811


Mitochondrial DNA copy number, metabolic syndrome, and insulin sensitivity: Insights from the Sugar, Hypertension, and Physical Exercise studies

We evaluated the effect of 6-months of exercise intervention on blood mtDNA-CN measurements. Although there was no evidence linking exercise and mtDNA-CN change, there was a marginally positive correlation between mtDNA-CN change, as seen in previous studies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0270951


Epidemiology of nodding syndrome in the Greater Mundri area, South Sudan: Prevalence, spatial pattern and environmental risk factors

Background: Nodding syndrome is a progressive neurological disorder that has been described in many sub-Saharan African countries, but South Sudan is the most affected. However, details about the exact burden and the epidemiological risk factors of NS in South Sudan are lacking. Objective: To determine the incidence, distribution, and epidemiological risk factors of NS in the Greater Mundri area, the epicenter of NS in South Sudan. Using univariate and multivariate models, epidemiological risk factors of NS were determined. Result: Output: Of the 22,411 people interviewed in 92 villages, 607 persons with NS were identified, of whom 114 were new-onset cases. In a Diko village with a prevalence of 13. 7%, the highest incidence was found. New cases are now concentrated in the Greater Mundri area of South Sudan, according to the United Nations' Greater Mundri area. The prevalence of NS in Greater Mundri is very high, with one out of five households impacted by the previous survey in the same region, but higher than those in other NS-endemic countries. NS cases significantly clustered within neighboring households, but we were unable to detect clustering within the same household. In addition, we find that people living near the rivers, as well as using river water for drinking, cooking, handwashing, and bathing, greatly raised the risk of seeing a NS case in households.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0010630


Oropouche virus infection in patients with acute febrile syndrome: Is a predictive model based solely on signs and symptoms useful?

Oropouche fever is an infectious disease caused by the Oropouche virus. Multiple signs have been related to OROV virus infection in patients with febrile syndrome; however, there is no such rule on this infectious disease to date; however, there is no clinical prediction system, which is a common aid in determining this infectious disease's prevention. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a prediction system based solely on signs and symptoms to diagnose Oropouche virus infection in patients with acute febrile syndrome, patients with acute febrile syndrome. Validation study, which included 923 patients with acute febrile syndrome identified in three arbovirus endemic zones in Peru, was published in the Epidemiologic Surveillance database. Results: In the validation group, 97 patients were positive for OROV infection in the developmental cohort and 23. 6% in the validation group. Conclusions: The development of a clinical prediction system for Oropouche based solely on signs and symptoms does not work well.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0270294


Use of family history taking for hereditary neoplastic syndromes screening in primary health care: A systematic review protocol

Personal and family history, as well as pedigree, can help determine the risk of developing cancer, particularly in Primary Health Care settings. Objective: To assess and analyze the evidence relating to the use of family history as a genetic tool for Hereditary Neoplastic Syndromes screening at Primary Health Care, which was aimed at Primary Health Care. Methods: This systematic review protocol was elaborated in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Analysis and Meta-analysis Protocols. We'll include all observational as well as experimental research designs that have been published up to the end of July 2022, as well as research into the impact of family history on Hereditary Neoplastic Syndromes screening in primary health care. According to their plans, investigators will select studies independently, conduct data extraction, and conduct the critical analysis of the selected studies' risk of bias and overall quality of the chosen studies. According to the study's setting, the study findings will be summarized and presented in tables and graphs, and conclusions will be reported according to the study design. This systematic review, to the best of our knowledge, will be the first to identify and critically evaluate evidence relating to the use of family history as a genetic tool for Hereditary Neoplastic Syndromes screening in Primary Health Care settings around the world. This report is expected to provide objective evidence that can help the primary care decision-makers regarding hereditary cancer screening, thus assisting individuals and families at risk for cancer.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271286


Computer vision syndrome, musculoskeletal, and stress-related problems among visual display terminal users in Nepal

Background: In Nepal, the use of computers and other Visual Display Terminal screens is on the rise. However, there is a paucity of evidence regarding the prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome and other occupational health issues among employees of VDT screens in Nepalese employees. Objectives: This report aims to determine the prevalence of CVS, musculoskeletal, and work-related stress among VDT screen users in the office, as well as their adoption and use of preventive techniques. Methods: The investigation was a cross-sectional descriptive research of 319 VDT users in office settings in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal, using a semi-structured self-administered questionnaire. The meanu00b1SD computer use per day was 7. 9 percentu00b11. 9 hours, according to the meanu00b1SD website. There was no statistically significant correlation between visual signs of CVS, musculoskeletal signs, and anxiety with gender. Similarly, work-related anxiety was present in those with less than five years of employment.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268356

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions